演講: 我的學思歷程


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NTU General and Liberal Educational Statement
Former NTU president, Professor Chao-chung Yu, proposed "well-round education" as the education concept of school in 1981. NTU spends efforts in promoting general and liberal art education. The concept and goals of the general and liberal education at NTU, are upheld as: "To establish human subjectivity in order to complete one of self-liberation, and to establish the inter-subjectivity relationship between the humanities and the natural environments where humans live." Under this concept, general and liberal education at NTU emphasized the possibilities of dialogue, communication and integration between different academic fields, seals the fractures of education between tradition and modernity and between globalization and localization, and fostered students’ cultural literacy, expanded their global vision, and cultivated their lifelong learning abilities. To reach these goals, the curricula of the general and liberal program at NTU, cover eight areas: Literature and Arts, Historical Thinking, World Civilization, Philosophy and Moral Reasoning, Civic Awareness and Social Analysis, Quantitative Analysis and Mathematics Material Science, and Life Science.
The Indicators of NTU Liberal Educational Curriculum
The indicators of liberal education curriculum are as follows:
1. Fundamentality: courses should cover fundamental elements of human civilization. In contrast to vocational, practical and leisure-oriented courses, liberal education courses should offer fundamental knowledge to students. The term “fundamentality” refers to the most essential, the most important and the most indispensable elements of human civilization.
2. Subjectivity: the courses should help, directly or indirectly, increase the level of human self-awareness, which means to establish and develop interactive relationships between people and the social and natural worlds in which they live. The courses should teach students to understand themselves and, from that perspective and through discussion, contemplation, critical and comparative thinking, obtain insights about their bodies and mental states, the social and natural worlds in which they live, and the culture and times to which they belong.
3. Plurality: the course should help broaden the vision of student, eliminate their ethnic and cultural biases, to cultivate admiration toward diversity and difference and promote international and cross-cultural awareness.
4. Interdisciplinarity: the courses should offer interdisciplinary knowledge to students to enhance their understandings, inspire the cross-fertilization of ideas, and offer new perspectives on disciplines other than their majors.
5. Coherence: the issues discussed in the courses should be general enough to attract students of all disciplines, and should not presuppose specialist knowledge prior to taking the courses.
The Objectives of NTU General and Liberal Educational Curriculum
Broadly speaking, general and liberal education include general core education Chinese Literature, Foreign Languages, Physical Education, and Service Learning) and liberal education (Literature and Arts, Historical Thinking, World Civilization, Philosophy and Moral Reasoning, Civic Awareness and Social Analysis, Quantitative Analysis and Mathematics Material Science, and Life Science). The general education and liberal education course objectives are as follows:
Chinese Literature
  1. Through the study of selected canonical texts, the course aims to help students acquire a better understanding of both the Chinese humanistic tradition in particular and the essence of humanistic thinking in general.
  2. The course seeks to enhance students’ critical thinking and communication/writing skills by way of class discussion and writing assignments.
Description First, through the study of representative works, students are guided to acquire a better understanding of the Chinese humanistic tradition. Second, from the analytical process of studying selected canonical texts, students are expected to get familiar with the procedures and methods of humanistic thinking. Finally, through class discussion and writing assignments, it is hoped that students will not only enhance their critical thinking and communication/writing skills, but also learn to build up their own capacity for self-understanding as well as for forming a sound philosophy of life.
English and foreign languages
  1. To train students in the four basic language skills of reading, writing, listening, and speaking through relevant, engaging materials.
  2. To help students develop and sharpen their linguistic sensitivity.
  3. To foster students' appreciation of all cultures.
  4. To improve students' skills in the areas of library and Internet research, thought organization, oral presentation, group discussion, and independent and critical thinking.
  5. To help students cultivate the habits of careful proofreading and revision, and to follow correct format.
  6. To help students lay a firm foundation for independent and lifelong learning.
Description The objective of English and foreign language courses is, first, to train students in the four basic skills of reading, writing, listening, and speaking, through relevant, engaging materials. This training will aim not only to cultivate basic language proficiency, but also to sharpen linguistic sensitivity, so that students are able to use language with greater precision and awareness. The training will also focus on improving students' skills in the areas of critical thinking, library and Internet research, thought organization, oral presentation, group discussion, correct format, revision, and careful proofreading. Ethical issues such as plagiarism, and personal honesty and responsibility will be emphasized. It is the ultimate goal of all courses to guide students toward independent and lifelong learning.
Physical Education
  1. Help students understand the importance of exercising to be healthy.
  2. Training for the basis of sports, skills of specific sports and appreciation.
  3. Develop the habit of active participation and regular exercise.
Description Make students understand the importance of exercise to be good fitness and healthy by the physical education; and let them develop skills of specific sports through learning of sporting skills, and furthermore the habit of active participation and regular exercise.
Service Learning
  1. The main objective of this course is to implement moral education, foster student virtues of responsibility, self-discipline, hard work, willing to serve and cooperation, and provide students with opportunities to practice caring.
Description Students can learn humanity and caring, communication and expression, teamwork, and respect for the diverse culture from the interaction with those they serve and reflection.
Literature and Arts (A1)
  1. To cultivate the abilities of appreciation for literature and arts.
  2. To foster the abilities of expression of self awareness and creativity.
Description To cultivate students’ analytical, critical thinking and imaginary, creative, aesthetic ability through reading literature and arts, and to develop the in-depth understanding of their lives, and to enhance the abilities of caring for and reflection on human societies.
Historical Thinking (A2)
  1. To cultivate the abilities of historical thinking so that students can think independently.
  2. To improve students’ caring sentiment of communities by learning human’s situation in different historical contexts and introspecting.
  3. To enhance cultural literacy by reading classical literatures habitually.
Description To inspire students’ historical awareness, cultivate their historical thinking, to guide students to establish the correlation between ancient and modern times by applying research methods of history to History or related disciplines through research methods, analysis of the major historical events or long-term historical changes, or by reading history, classics, historical consciousness, so that students can reflect themselves their own subjectivity in the historical context.
World Civilization (A3)
  1. To cultivate the abilities of appreciation of diverse culture.
  2. To enhance the understanding of traditional culture.
  3. To analyze the similarities and differences in diverse cultures and religions, and to learn how to respect and appreciate other cultures.
  4. To guide students to reflect the relationship between themselves and the world.
Description To guide students to understand the features of civilizations in the world, to develop the vision of students, to help students to understand their own cultural traditions and to respect and appreciate other cultures and religions of the spirit, and to reflect their position in the global dialogue among civilizations in a new era.
Philosophy and Moral reasoning (A4)
  1. To nurture students to think and discover the life.
  2. To train students to understand the basic issues and reflect.
  3. To develop the abilities of thinking and differentiate morals and ethics.
Description Philosophy is the pursuit of wisdom, exploring life, society, world, and the truths, goodness, ideals and sacredness in the universe. In moral thinking, there are three basic questions, which are: Why do I live? How should I live? How can I live that I should live? These questions point out the basic issues how to be a human being and how to live. This area provide the fundamental courses for the areas of philosophy literacy and life education foundation courses concerning the basic issues mentioned above.
Civil Awareness and Social Analysis (A5)
  1. To understand the democracy and the rule of law, and the similarities and differences between social groups.
  2. To develop of the sense of caring for the benefit of mankind.
  3. To nurture students attitude and ability to fulfill their civic duty.
Description By learning social science and democracy and rule of law, to understand the social scientific analysis and the important issues in contemporary society, to explore the existence of similarities and differences between social groups, to enhance the caring for society, and to cultivate the ability to fulfill civic responsibility
Mathematics, Digital Competence, and Quantitative Analysis (A6)
  1. To foster the abilities to reasoning.
  2. To establish the thinking methods in mathematics.
  3. To nurture the abilities to appreciate the characteristics of mathematics.
Description Students are expected to understand quantitative reasoning and thinking in mathematical way as the basis of a variety of disciplines, to understand the theoretical basis of common statistical tools, and to appreciate the characteristics of perfect structure and simplification in mathematical content.
Material Science (A7)
  1. To understand the interdependent and sustainable relationship between man and nature by learning knowledge related to nature.
  2. 2. To guide students to learn the thinking patterns of scientific exploration, reasoning, validation and problem-solving approaches.
  3. 3. To inspire students to explore the development of science and technology in society and to promote dialogues between scientific and technological community and non-scientific and technological community.
Description By learning physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth and environmental science, engineering and technology, students are expected to understand scientific knowledge, and develop the scientific attitude and sustainable ethics which emphasize rational debate, and cultivate core abilities in innovation, communication, publication, and dialogue.
Life Science (A8)
  1. To help students to understand and appreciate life.
  2. To bring out students’ desire to actively explore the impact of biotechnology on human society.
  3. To nurture students’ ability to appreciate life and protect nature by taking action.
Description This course is designed to guide students to understand the origin of life and the mystery of living world by learning biology and life science. Students are expected to learn the correct concept of life sciences and to be inspired to explore the impact of bio-technology on human society and to respect and protect nature.